Mount Annapurna Expedition (8091m)-41Night/ 42days

Mount Annapurna  Expedition cost
  •   Destination: Mount Annapurna (8091m)
  •  Activities: Climbing & Trekking
  •   Trip Grade: D
  •   Departure from: Kathmandu
  •   Arrival on: Kathmandu
  •  Group size: 1-8
  •  Best Seasons: March- April- May & Sept- Oct- Nov
  •   Meals: All Meals During the Expedition Period
  •   Accomodation: Hotel & Tented Camp
  •   Transportation: All Transportation

Mount Annapurna 1  Expedition  Cost, Itinerary  (8091m), and  Climbing Route Map 

 

Mount Annapurna is part of the Annapurna Himalayan Range, which is stretched over 55km in the Gandaki zone, the mid-western part of Nepal. West of Annapurna mountain is Kali Gandaki gorge and Marsyangdi river in the east. Upper mustang is on the north side of Annapurna Range.  The Annapurna Range has thirteen peaks over 7000m & sixteen peaks over 6000m. The whole range is inside the Annapurna Conservation Area Project “ACAP” which was established in 1986AD. This is the first conservation area project of Nepal and the largest one as well, 7629 sq. kilometers. The protected area is very rich in flora and fauna. The area is also home to several ethnic groups of people. The area is also rich in hydro resources eg. rivers, waterfalls, lakes, etc. Maurice Herzog from France was the first person to climb Mount Annapurna in 1950. It was the first ascent of an 8000m high mountain summit.

 

Annapurna literally means Harvest Fulfilling- a name of Hindu goddess. There are several temples of Annapurna goddess in Nepal. One of them is at Ason Chowk, Kathmandu (at the middle of hustle-bustle market).

 

The Annapurna Mountain is regarded as one of the most dangerous mountains to be climbed in the world,considering it’s fatality rate. The mountain has the highest fatality rate in the world surpassing Mount K2. So, it’s also known as Killer Mountain.

The Mt. Annapurna Expedition starts from Kathmandu flying to Pokhara then starts to Trek from Birethati along the Bhurundi Khola. First night would be at Ulleri. From here you can see the Annapurna South (7219m) and Hiunchuli mountain (6441m). It takes around 8-9 days to reach Annapurna Base Camp. Along the trekking route we’ll be passing by several beautiful villages, Farm terraces, Rivers, Waterfalls and a Hotspring at Tatopani. Second night would be staying at Ghorepani, which is a very beautiful village on the ridge of a mountain. Next morning we’ll hike up to Poonhill (3210m), a very popular destination for hiking lovers. The sunrise is magnificent from here. You can see dozens of Snow covered mountains and beautiful valleys. The hill is surrounded by beautiful Rhododendron trees. Rhododendron flower is Nepal’s national flower. From Ghorepani you’ll head towards Tatopani where there is a natural hot spring. Here you can soak your body and feel refreshed and light. The path will continue through Ghasa, Lete, Thulobugin, Hum khola,Miristi Khola & finally reaching Annapurna North Base Camp.

From here your Expedition procedures will begin eg. Climbing Training, Proper Acclimatization, Rotation to the higher camps & Summit Push Preparation.

 

 Mount Annapurna Expedition History: 

In 1950 the mountain was first climbed by a french mountaineer Maurice Herzog, the first 8000-metre mountain to be climbed. And in 1970 south face was climbed for the first time. In 1978 American Women’s Himalayan Expedition  was the first american expedition to be climbed over Mt. Annapurna. And in 1981 May 23, Polish expedition became the first expedition to climb Mt. Annapurna in the Winter season.

In 2013 Ueli Steck climbed through the south face taking 28hrs from the base camp. It has been called “one of the most impressive Himalayan Climbing History”.

 

Major Peaks Nearby Mount Annapurna :

There are dozens of high mountains surrounding Mount Annapurna, if not dozens then there should be Hundreds. Some of them are:

–  Mount Dhaulagiri: 8167m

–  Mount Annapurna II: 7937m

– Mount Annapurna III: 7755m

– Mount Annapurna IV: 7525m

Mount Manaslu:  8163m

– Annapurna South: 7219m

– Mount Fishtail: 6997m

– Gangapurna Mountain: 7455m

– Khangshar Kang: 7485m

– Tarke Kang: 7202m

– Mount Nilgiri: 7061m

-Tukuche peak (6920m)

-Varaha Shikhar (7847m)

-Dhaulagiri II (7751m), etc.

 

Climate & Geography of Annapurna Region:

The climate in this region can be divided into 6 categories, from Tropical to Trans-Himalayan high Pastures:

i.) Tropical: Below 1000m

ii.) Sub-tropical: 1000-2000m

iii.) Temperate Zone: 2000-3000m

iv.) Alpine Zone: 4000-5000m

v.) Meadows and Arctic Zone: above 5000m

 

People in Annapurna Region:

There are several ethnic groups of people living in Annapurna Area, some of them are Gurung, Magar, Thakali, Kshetri, Bahun, Tamang, etc. That’s Why the area is rich in Culture and biodiversity.

 

Flora & Fauna in Mount Annapurna Region:

There are several highly endangered species of animals, including Snow Leopards, Red Pandas, and several mammals eg. Lynx, Asian Black Bear, Grey Wolf,  Dhole, Assam Macaque, Himalayan musk deer, Blue Sheep, Himalayan Tahr, Mainland Serow, Himalayan Goral, Wooly Hare, Horseshoe bat, Himalayan mouse-hare, black lip pika, etc. There are over 110 species of birds found in this area, 33 different types of mammals, 11 species of butterflies, 3 kinds of reptiles. Hunting is banned here. Some of the birds you can spot in this area: Golden Eagle, Eurasian, Griffon, Himalayan Griffon, Blood, Impeyan, Kalij, Koklass, Pheasants, Himalayan snow cooks, crimson horned pheasant, etc. Rhododendron & Himalayan Blue pine can be seen covering the forest.

 

Trekking Routes in Mount Annapurna Climbing Region:

There are varieties of Trekking Route options in this region, eg. :

i.) Annapurna Base Camp Trek

ii.) Upper Mustang Trek

iii.) Ghorepani Poonhill Trek

iv.) Mardi Himal Trek 

v.) Annapurna Sanctuary Trek

vi.) Annapurna Circuit Trek

vii.)Mohare Community Trek

viii.) Khair Lake Trek, etc.

 

Risk Factors:

– Seracs, Crevasses & Shifting blocks of Ice

– Avalanche & Icefall

– Unpredictable Weather & Coldness

– Strong wind

-High Altitude sickness, etc.

 

Equipment/ Gears for Mount Annapurna 1 Expedition:

 

  • ICE AXE (A GENERAL MOUNTAINEERING ICE AXE):

The size of Ice axe according to the person’s height:

Up to Height 5 ft 2” : 50cm ice axe

Height 5ft 3” to 5ft 5” : 55cm ice axe

Height 5ft 6” to 5ft 9” : 60cm ice axe

Height 5ft 10” to 6ft : 65cm ice axe

Height 6ft plus: 70cm ice axe

  • CRAMPONS:

We recommend Modern steel 12-point Crampons with anti-balling plates. We don’t recommend 10-point aluminum single-piece rigid crampons.

  • ACCESSORY CORD: 40ft of 6mm (to be used for Prussiking and climbing rigging)

  • CARABINER SYSTEM: 

2 Large oval wire gate carabiners

2 Smaller wire gate Carabiners

1 Large pear-shaped  locking screwgate Carabiner

1 Large locking Carabiner (can be auto-locking)

  • ALPINE CLIMBING HARNESS:

– must fit all of your clothing

– should have adjustable leg loops and waist belt

– can separate at the legs and with the belay loop

– we don’t recommend the “doubling back” feature at your waist

  • BELAY DEVICE:

– We recommend a modern tube-style belay device

– We don’t recommend super-specialized belay devices (super-specialized belay device doesn’t accept a wide variety of rope diameters)

– we suggest Black diamond Guide ATC or Petzl Reverso

  • TREKKING POLES:  We recommend collapsible Trekking/ Skiing poles with snow baskets and three-section varieties.

  • ASCENDER:According to your dominant hand- left or right. Must be of good quality.

 

Clothing For Mount Annapurna 1 Climb (8091m) ;

 

  • BASELAYERS TOPS & BOTTOMS:

– 2-3 Lightweight base layer Pants ( non-cotton fabrics or merino wool or polyester)

– 2-3 Long Sleeve shirts

– A long sleeve sun shirt ( Light-colored, hooded, and made of merino wool or polyester)

  • TREKKING PANTS:We recommend  1-2 lightweight nylon or synthetic fabrics trekking pants. Simple one fine
  • SOFTSHELL PANTS: we recommend stretchy, comfortable, and non-insulated that should fit comfortably with or without your baselayer bottoms.
  • HARDSHELL PANTS: We recommend non-insulated, fully waterproof shell pants that must fit comfortably over baselayer bottoms and softshell pants. Full-length separating side zipper recommended.
  • SOFTSHELL JACKET: werecommend breathable but wind and weather-resistant hooded jackets. The jacket must fit well over mid layer top and baselayer top
  • MIDLAYER TOP: Werecommend a midweight or lightweight, form-fitting grid fleeces layer for use over a baselayer. Hooded is recommended and fleece generally provides a warmth-to-weight ratio. So, it’s good.
  • HARDSHELL JACKET: We recommend a non-insulated, fully waterproof shell jacket. Durable three-layer fabric with a hood and must fit comfortably over your baselayer. mid-layer, softshell, and lightweight insulating layer as well. We recommend a helmet-compatible hood
  • INSULATED HOODED JACKET: we recommend light down or synthetic hooded (Synthetic insulation does retain warmth when wet whereas down feathers are more comfortable for packing and light-weighted)
  • INSULATED DOWN PARKA: We recommend heavily insulated with high-quality down fill with a weight between 1.5 to 2.5 ponds and with hood.
  • EXPEDITION DOWN PARKA: We recommend this down parka must be in excellent condition and fully baffled. Nixon Down Wash gives maximum loft to the down parka, so we recommend checking whether it is recently cleaned up.
  • EXPEDITION DOWN PANTS: we recommend heavily insulated down pants comfortably fitting over all other inner layers. Thus down pants must be weatherproof.
  • DOWN SUIT: This down suit is optional to Down Parka & Down Pants. You can have either Down Parka plus Down Pants or Down Suit.
  • INSULATED SYNTHETIC PANTS: We recommend synthetic insulated pants with full-length separating side zips. We don’t recommend ski pants.
  • LIGHTWEIGHT LINER GLOVES: We recommend lightweight woolen or synthetic liner gloves with a comfortable fit and lighter colors that absorb less sunlight and offer UV protection.
  • INSULATED SHELL GLOVES: werecommend a pair of warm shell gloves with a durable leather palm.
  • EXPEDITION MITTENS: Wehighly recommend expedition-rated mittens with an insulated removable liner and the warmest model available.

 

 

HEADWEAR FOR MOUNT ANNAPURNA (8091m) CLIMBING:

 

  • CLIMBING HELMET:we recommend a lightweight climbing-specific helmet that must comfortably fit over your hat or balaclava and the headlamp must be able to strap securely to the outside rim of the helmet.
  • BUFF:we recommend a good quality UV Buff which can be used for a multitude of purposes.
  • SUN HAT: We recommend baseball caps or sombrero-style sun hats.
  • BALACLAVA SYSTEM: We recommend one heavyweight and one lightweight which can be comfortably layered together
  • WOOLEN SKI HAT: We recommend no-cotton wool or synthetic hat which covers ears comfortably
  • FACEMASK: we recommend neoprene models
  • GLACIER GLASSES: We recommend high-quality glacier glass with full coverage of eyes and across the nose.
  • SKI GOGGLES:We recommend high-quality goggles for sun and wind protection at higher altitudes with no more than 30% VLT (Visible Light Transmission). And if possible with photochromic models which is ideal for light changing conditions.
  • NOSE GUARD:We recommend bringing a nose guard for better protection of your nose while being at a high altitude.
  • HEADLAMP: We recommend an LED outdoor headlamp of 200-300 lumens of output. Please add some spare batteries. And it’s recommended to choose with weather-resistant models
  • DOWN SLEEPING BAG (-20 degree Fahrenheit ): We highly recommend a down-filled sleeping bag of good quality.
  • DOWN SLEEPING BAG (-40 degree Fahrenheit): we highly recommend a down-filled sleeping bag of a good quality
  • 70 LITER CLIMBING PACK:We recommend Light and Simple with crampon and ice axe attachment points.
  • 30-45 LITER TREKKING PACK: We recommend with an internal frame, Light and simple Pack
  • FOAM PAD: We recommend as per your body length
  • INFLATABLE SLEEPING PAD:We recommend a full-length sleeping pad. And please bring along the valve repair & body patch kits.
  • SPOON:We suggest a longer spoon stem which can be helpful for eating while wearing gloves and it’s better made of durable hard plastic or anodized metal
  • MUG: We recommend 12 to 20 OZ capacity with insulated outdoor-style having a removable lid and spill-resistant
  • POCKET KNIFE: Should be medium-sized, Simple, and light
  • PEE BOTTLE: 1L – 1.5 Liter either collapsible or hard-sided gene model
  • BOWL: We recommend a two-cup capacity packable bowl with a lid like a Tupperware
  • PEE FUNNEL FOR WOMEN: We recommend practicing it before the expedition starts
  • WATER BOTTLE PARKAS: We recommend bringing two fully insulated water bottle parkas with a zipper opening
  • WATER BOTTLE: We recommend you bring two water bottles with a wide mouth made of BPA-free plastic (Co-polyester) with a capacity of 1-1.5 liter each. We don’t recommend water bags or bladder bags which have a tendency to freeze at a higher elevation.
  • THERMOS:We recommend vacuum-insulated thermos with wide-mouthed and with a capacity of 1 liter
  • TRASH COMPACTOR BAGS:We recommend three plastic garbage bags or a reusable waterproof pack liner to use as waterproof packsack liners
  • TOILETRY BAG:To keep tissue paper, toothbrush/paste, wet wipes, shampoo, soap, etc. For females, it is recommended to prepare enough numbers of feminine hygienic products.
  • WATER PURIFIER:Steri-pen or Aquamira drops. Four to six liters of water every day for personal consumption.
  • SUNSCREEN: We recommend four to five ounces of 5 plus SPF sunscreen. Don’t forget to check the manufacturing date because the SPF effectiveness fades away over a time duration.
  • LIPSCREEN:At least 30 plus SPF lip screen with the newest manufacturing date.
  • PERSONAL FIRST-AID KITS (small one): With painkillers (Tylenol, Ibuprofen), First-aid tape, moleskin, antiseptic wipes, Pepto Bismol, Cipro (500mg), Metronidazole, Diamox, Z-pack, etc.
  • PERSONAL PRESCRIPTION: We highly recommend bringing Personal Prescriptions along with you.
  • Furthermore, we suggest you bring Hand Sanitizer, Face mask, Hand & Toe warmer, Power bank or Solar charger, extra batteries, etc.
  • Travel clothes while in the city

OPTIONAL: Snacks, Dry fruits, a journal, a tablet, earphones, books, etc.

 

 

How Long Does It Take To Climb Annapurna Mountain (8091m)? :

Well, climbing a high mountain is a long and gradual process, and it may vary on weather conditions and physical strength. And Mt. Annapurna is not an exception. In general, it takes around Eight to Ten days to reach Annapurna Base Camp after spending a few days in Kathmandu. And at the Annapurna Base Camp you’ll spend  around four to 5 weeks for Training, Proper  Acclimatization, Rotation to the higher camps & Final Summit Push. One of the intentions of staying at Annapurna Base Camp for so long is to get used to cold weather, harsh environments and be familiar with the mountain you are going to the summit. However, the Annapurna Climbing Itinerary may differ according to the weather conditions and climbers‘ adaptation with the environment and other issues. So, overall in general it takes 6 to 7 weeks for the whole process of Annapurna Expedition.

 

Why Should “APEX NEPAL TREKS” be Chosen For Annapurna Expedition?

We are a group of Sherpa Climbers who have long experience of Climbing the High Mountains. We have successfully climbed several high mountains including Mt. Everest (8848.86m)Mt. Manaslu (8163m), Mt. Dhaulagiri (8167m), Mt. Ama Dablam (6812m), Mt. Cho Oyu (8188m), Mt. Kanchenjunga (8586m), Mt. Lhotse (8516m), Mt. Annapurna (8091m), Mt. Makalu (8485m), Mt. K2 (8611m), etc. We have world-recorded Sherpa climbers. And we are good at taking care of our clients with safety concerns and helping them to reach the summit with lesser difficulties. We provide quality services along with varieties of food items. We only use branded equipment for climbing purposes, because your safety is our concern. The success of any expedition depends largely on a carefully planned itinerary, experienced Leaders & Sherpas who are kind as well as helpful, Quality food, and adequate training plus instructions. Trust us, we are excellent in all these ingredients.

And we APEX NEPAL TEAM” care about the environment. Our activities are less impacting the environment and we also suggest all our clients not to harm our precious and fragile environment. We respect nature, so every time before climbing, we worship the Nature-God for forgiveness and make our expedition successful without harming any member of our team. We also support sustainable tourism and support through a foundation called “Foundation Apex Nepal” which supports the underprivileged communities and runs programs related to environmental protection.

And after all, we value your hard-earned money.

 

Best Time To Climb Mount Annapurna (8091m):

Spring Season (March-April-May)  & Autumn Season (September- October- November). In these two seasons, the Climbing window opens up. In these months nature awakens making the lower parts greenery with beautiful waterfalls. At this time the weather is mostly clear with blue sky and not so cold with the least snowfall. For particularly Mt. Annapurna, most of the climbers choose Spring Season. And our suggestion is the same.

 

o    Spring Season: March- April- May

o    Autumn Season: Sept-Oct- November

Trip Highlights

Mount Annapurna  (8091m) Highlights\

 

Ø  Several high mountains on surrounding, mostly over 6000 meters

Ø  Mind blowing views from the top, 360 degree mountain view from the summit of Mount Annapurna

Ø  TENTH HIGHEST MOUNTAIN IN THE WORLD !! (8091m)

Ø  Culturally and geographically rich region. 

Ø  Easy access from Kathmandu

At a Glance

Ø  Technically difficult mountain 

Ø  Height (8091m) above the sea level

Ø  Location: Annapurna region of Nepal

Ø  Himalayan Range: Annapurna Range of Gandaki Zone

Ø  Northwest of Kathmandu

Ø  Latitude: 28.35.46 N

Ø  Altitude: 83.49.13 E

Day to Day Itinerary

Mount Annapurna (8091m) Expedition Itinerary: 

 

Day01: Arrival in Nepal, Kathmandu,

Day02: Gear & Trip Preparation

Day03: Gear & Trip Preparation

Day04: Fly to Pokhara and trek to Ulleri(1960m),25mins flight, 2hrs drive &  3- 3.5hrs trek

Day05: Trek to Ghorepani (2878m),4-5hrs trek

Day06:  Trek to Tatopani (1120m), 6-7hrs trek

Day07: Drive to Lete (2470m), 1.5hrs drive (there is a road on this section)

Day08: Trek to Thulobugin(3260m), 5-6hrs trek

Day09: Trek to Hum Khola (4286m), 6-7hrs trek

Day10: Trek to Miristi Khola (4130m). 5-6 hrs walk

Day11: Trek to Annapurna North Base Camp (4190m), 6-7hrs trek

Day12 to Day44: Climbing Training, Proper Acclimatization, Establish Camps, Fixing Ropes, Fixing Bridges, Rest & Summit Push

Day45: Annapurna Base Camp: Clean Up and Packing Stuffs

Day46-49: Back to Pokhara

Day40: Pokhara to Kathmandu by Flight

Day41: Spare Day in Kathmandu ( just for incase, if we need more time in the mountains). Sightseeing in Kathmandu

Day42: Departure

Note:- Please note that the Rotation & Acclimatization process may differ according to the weather conditions and climbers’ adaptation to the altitude and environment.

What's Included

Mount Annapurna 1 Expedition Cost Include:

  • All Airport Transfers & Domestic Flight Tickets
  • Hotel in Kathmandu- 3Star hotel
  • Climbing Permits, Trekking Permits & All relevant Documentation
  • Government Royalty fees of Annapurna Mountain
  • Satellite Communication System at Base Camp (Nominal Charges may apply for extra use)
  • Sherpa Climbers and all their Expenses
  • Required number of Oxygen bottles with mask and regulator
  • Base camp manager & Sirdar (all their expenses)
  • Radio Set for communication between camps
  • All meals during the trekking and Expedition Period
  • Personal Tents at Base Camps
  • High Tents, Kitchen Tent, Dining Tent, Toilet Tent, Store tent, Cooking Utensils, and all required utensils & gears
  • Staff wages, allowances, etc.
  • All Staff Insurance
  • Liaison Officer and all his Expenses
  • National Park/ Conservation Area fee 
  • Climbing Equipment besides mentioned to Prepare

What's not Included

Mount Annapurna Expedition Cost Does Not Include:

 

  • International Flight Tickets
  • Meals in Kathmandu (Hotels are with Breakfast)
  • Nepal Visa Fee
  • Personal Clothing and Equipment
  • Personal Insurance
  • Summit Bonus
  • Personal Expenses
  • Gratuities for staff, etc.

Accommodations

  • 3 Star Hotel in Kathmandu
  • Lodge during the trek to Annapurna Base Camp
  • Tented Camp during the Expedition Period

Meals

  • All Meals During the Expedition Period
  • Breakfast in Kathmandu

Team Composition

·     From 1 Pax to 8 Pax in a group

Physical Condition & Experience Requirements

  • Should have technical knowledge of climbing
  •    Must have experience of climbing some peaks, at least 6500m or higher mountains. 
  • Should have a good physical fitness
  • Good health
  • Dream & Commitment

Best Time to Travel

  • Best Time To Climb Mount Annapurna (8091m):

Spring Season (March-April-May)  & Autumn Season (September- October- November). In these two seasons, the Climbing window opens up. In these months nature awakens making the lower parts greenery with beautiful waterfalls. At this time the weather is mostly clear with blue sky and not so cold with the least snowfall. For particularly Mt. Annapurna, most of the climbers choose Spring Season. And our suggestion is the same.  

 

o  Spring Season: March- April- May

o  Autumn Season: Sept-Oct- November

Mount Annapurna (8091m) Expedition Itinerary: 

 

Day01: Arrival in Nepal, Kathmandu,

Day02: Gear & Trip Preparation

Day03: Gear & Trip Preparation

Day04: Fly to Pokhara and trek to Ulleri(1960m),25mins flight, 2hrs drive &  3- 3.5hrs trek

Day05: Trek to Ghorepani (2878m),4-5hrs trek

Day06:  Trek to Tatopani (1120m), 6-7hrs trek

Day07: Drive to Lete (2470m), 1.5hrs drive (there is a road on this section)

Day08: Trek to Thulobugin(3260m), 5-6hrs trek

Day09: Trek to Hum Khola (4286m), 6-7hrs trek

Day10: Trek to Miristi Khola (4130m). 5-6 hrs walk

Day11: Trek to Annapurna North Base Camp (4190m), 6-7hrs trek

Day12 to Day44: Climbing Training, Proper Acclimatization, Establish Camps, Fixing Ropes, Fixing Bridges, Rest & Summit Push

Day45: Annapurna Base Camp: Clean Up and Packing Stuffs

Day46-49: Back to Pokhara

Day40: Pokhara to Kathmandu by Flight

Day41: Spare Day in Kathmandu ( just for incase, if we need more time in the mountains). Sightseeing in Kathmandu

Day42: Departure

Note:- Please note that the Rotation & Acclimatization process may differ according to the weather conditions and climbers’ adaptation to the altitude and environment.

What's Included

Mount Annapurna 1 Expedition Cost Include:

  • All Airport Transfers & Domestic Flight Tickets
  • Hotel in Kathmandu- 3Star hotel
  • Climbing Permits, Trekking Permits & All relevant Documentation
  • Government Royalty fees of Annapurna Mountain
  • Satellite Communication System at Base Camp (Nominal Charges may apply for extra use)
  • Sherpa Climbers and all their Expenses
  • Required number of Oxygen bottles with mask and regulator
  • Base camp manager & Sirdar (all their expenses)
  • Radio Set for communication between camps
  • All meals during the trekking and Expedition Period
  • Personal Tents at Base Camps
  • High Tents, Kitchen Tent, Dining Tent, Toilet Tent, Store tent, Cooking Utensils, and all required utensils & gears
  • Staff wages, allowances, etc.
  • All Staff Insurance
  • Liaison Officer and all his Expenses
  • National Park/ Conservation Area fee 
  • Climbing Equipment besides mentioned to Prepare

What's not Included

Mount Annapurna Expedition Cost Does Not Include:

 

  • International Flight Tickets
  • Meals in Kathmandu (Hotels are with Breakfast)
  • Nepal Visa Fee
  • Personal Clothing and Equipment
  • Personal Insurance
  • Summit Bonus
  • Personal Expenses
  • Gratuities for staff, etc.

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