Mount Makalu Expedition (8463m )-49Nights/ 50Days

mount Makalu mountain Expedition
  •   Destination: Mount Makalu (8463m)
  •  Activities: Climbing & Trekking
  •   Trip Grade: D
  •   Departure from: Kathmandu
  •   Arrival on: Kathmandu
  •  Group size: 1-12
  •  Best Seasons: March- April- May & Sept- Oct- Nov
  •   Meals: All Meals During the Expedition Period
  •   Accomodation: Hotel & Tented Camp
  •   Transportation: All Transportation

Mount Makalu Expedition (8463m ) Cost, Detail Itinerary  & Climbing Route Map

 

Towering at 8463m high in the sky, Mount Makalu is the fifth highest mountain in the world. Makalu word is derived from a Sanskrit word, “Maha Kala” which means “Great Black”. From far and away it looks black mountain because of a less resting place for snow. The mountain lies 19 km east of Mount Everest. It’s a beautiful and impressive mountain in Makalu Barun valley of Sankhuwasabha District of Nepal.

 

The mountain is regarded as one of the most difficult mountains to climb in the world. Mount Makalu is a part of the Mahalangur Himalayan Range. It has been an isolated peak for quite some time. Makalu mountain has two subsidiary peaks: Makalu II (Kangchuntse)- 7678m & Chomo lonzo7804m.

Makalu-Barun Valley is one of the most beautiful valleys in Nepal, filled with lush green plants, high waterfalls, deep gorges, Cragg rocks, lush green forests, colorful flowers, and snow-covered mountains. The valley is relatively undisturbed by humankind which provides a pristine mountain ecosystem. There are several different species of plants and animals.

 

Established in 1991 Makalu-Barun national park covers an area of 15830 sq km. Barun river which is regarded as a holy river by Hindu religious people is originated from Makalu mountain provides a heavenly environment for many animals, birds, and plants. This national park provides 4 terrestrial eco-regions, out of 12 in Nepal. There are over 88 species of mammals, 433 species of birds, 78 species of fishes, 16 species of amphibians, 43 species of reptiles, and 315 species of butterflies. The area is rich in culture and biodiversity. According to a religious Buddhist book, Barun valley is the hidden place where life will still thrive despite catastrophe in the world.

The expedition to Mount Makalu starts from flying Kathmandu to Tumlingtar and starts to trek. It takes 9 to 11 days to reach Makalu base camp through several villages eg. Khadbari, Chichila, Num, Sedua, Tashi gaon, Kauma, Mumbuk, Neh Kharka, etc.

 

 Mount Makalu Expedition History: 

The first attempt to climb Mount Makalu was done by California Himalayan Expedition in 1954. The expedition was led by Mr. Riley Keegan but had to retreat because of stormy weather.

Sir Edmund Hillary also attempted to climb Mount Makalu but couldn’t go high enough because of injury and illness.

On May 15, 1955, the French Expedition led by Jean Franco reached the top for the first time in history. The first reaching persons were Lionel Terray and Jean Couzy of that expedition. Other members of that expedition summited the top on the next day. The route used by the French expedition team- northeast ridge became the standard route to climb Mount Makalu. Since then several International expeditions and individual climbers have reached the top, some of them multiple times.

 

Major Peaks Nearby Mount Makalu :

There are dozens of high mountains surrounding Mount Makalu, if not dozens then there should be Hundreds. Some of them are:

– Baruntse: 7162m

– Lhotse Mountain: 8516m

– Nuptse Mountain: 7861m

– Pumori Mountain: 7161m

– Mount Everest: 8848.86m

– Imja Tse Peak: 6189m

– Mera peak: 6476m

– Kyajo Ri Peak: 6189m

– Taboche Peak: 6542m

– Mt. Thamserku: 6623m

– Kangtega Mountain: 6782m

– Cholatse Peak: 6440m

– Lobuche Peak (6119m)

– Baruntse Mountain: 7129m

– Kusum Kangaru Mountain: 6367m

 

Climate & Geography of Makalu Region (Makalu Barun Region):

The climate in this region can be divided into 6 categories, from Tropical to Trans-Himalayan high Pastures:

i.) Tropical: Below 1000m

ii.) Sub-tropical: 1000-2000m

iii.) Temperate Zone: 2000-3000m

iv.) Alpine Zone: 4000-5000m

v.) Meadows and Arctic Zone: above 5000m

 

People in Makalu Region (Makalu Barun Region):

In lower regions, there are Rai Limbu people whereas in higher elevation Sherpa and Bhotia people. These ethnic groups are very rich in culture and religion.

 

Flora & Fauna in Makalu Region (Makalu Barun Region):

There are several highly endangered species of animals, including Snow Leopards, Red Pandas, and several mammals eg. Lynx, Asian Black Bear, Grey Wolf,  Dhole, Assam Macaque, Himalayan musk deer, Blue Sheep, Himalayan Tahr, Mainland Serow, Himalayan Goral, Wooly Hare, Horseshoe bat, Himalayan mouse-hare, black lip pika, etc. There are over 433 species of birds found in this area, 88 different types of mammals, 315 species of butterflies, 43 kinds of reptiles. Hunting is banned here. Some of the birds you can spot in this area: Golden Eagle, Eurasian, Griffon, Himalayan Griffon, Blood, Impeyan, Kalij, Koklass, Pheasants, Himalayan snow cooks, crimson horned pheasant, etc. Rhododendron & Himalayan Blue pine can be seen covering the forest.

 

Trekking Routes in Makalu Region (Makalu Barun Region):

There are varieties of Trekking Route options in this region, eg. :

i.) Makalu Base Camp Trek

ii.) Makalu Circuit Trek

iii.) Makalu- Barun Valley Trek, etc.

 

Risk Factors:

– Seracs, Crevasses & Shifting blocks of Ice

– Avalanche & Icefall

– Cold

– Strong wind

-High Altitude sickness, etc.

 

Equipment/ Gears for Makalu Expedition:

  • ICE AXE (A GENERAL MOUNTAINEERING ICE AXE):

The size of Ice axe according to the person’s height:

Up to Height 5 ft 2”: 50cm ice axe

Height 5ft 3” to 5ft 5” : 55cm ice axe

Height 5ft 6” to 5ft 9” : 60cm ice axe

Height 5ft 10” to 6ft : 65cm ice axe

Height 6ft plus: 70cm ice axe

  • CRAMPONS:

We recommend Modern steel 12-point Crampons with anti-balling plates. We don’t recommend 10-point aluminum single-piece rigid crampons.

  • ACCESSORY CORD: 40ft of 6mm (to be used for Prussiking and climbing rigging)

  • CARABINER SYSTEM: 

2 Large oval wire gate carabiners

2 Smaller wire gate Carabiners

1 Large pear-shaped  locking screwgate Carabiner

1 Large locking Carabiner (can be auto-locking)

  • ALPINE CLIMBING HARNESS:

– must fit all of your clothing

– should have adjustable leg loops and waist belt

– can separate at the legs and with the belay loop

– we don’t recommend the “doubling back” feature at your waist

  • BELAY DEVICE:

– We recommend a modern tube-style belay device

– We don’t recommend super-specialized belay devices (super-specialized belay device doesn’t accept a wide variety of rope diameters)

– we suggest Black diamond Guide ATC or Petzl Reverso

  • TREKKING POLES:  We recommend collapsible Trekking/ Skiing poles with snow baskets and three-section varieties.

  • ASCENDER: According to your dominant hand- left or right. Must be of good quality.

 

Clothing For Mount Makalu Climb (8463m):

  • BASELAYERS TOPS & BOTTOMS:

– 2-3 Lightweight base layer Pants ( non-cotton fabrics or merino wool or polyester)

– 2-3 Long Sleeve shirts

– A long sleeve sun shirt ( Light-colored, hooded, and made of merino wool or polyester)

  • TREKKING PANTS: We recommend  1-2 lightweight nylon or synthetic fabrics trekking pants. Simple one fine
  • SOFTSHELL PANTS: we recommend stretchy, comfortable, and non-insulated that should fit comfortably with or without your baselayer bottoms.
  • HARDSHELL PANTS: We recommend non-insulated, fully waterproof shell pants that must fit comfortably over baselayer bottoms and softshell pants. Full-length separating side zipper recommended.
  • SOFTSHELL JACKET: we recommend breathable but wind and weather-resistant hooded jackets. The jacket must fit well over mid-layer top and baselayer top
  • MIDLAYER TOP: We recommend a midweight or lightweight, form-fitting grid fleeces layer for use over a baselayer. Hooded is recommended and fleece generally provides a warmth-to-weight ratio. So, it’s good.
  • HARDSHELL JACKET: We recommend a non-insulated, fully waterproof shell jacket. Durable three-layer fabric with a hood and must fit comfortably over your baselayer. mid-layer, softshell, and lightweight insulating layer as well. We recommend a helmet-compatible hood
  • INSULATED HOODED JACKET: we recommend light down or synthetic hooded (Synthetic insulation does retain warmth when wet whereas down feathers are more comfortable for packing and light-weighted)
  • INSULATED DOWN PARKA: We recommend heavily insulated with high-quality down fill with a weight between 1.5 to 2.5 ponds and with hood.
  • EXPEDITION DOWN PARKA: We recommend this down parka must be in excellent condition and fully baffled. Nixon Down Wash gives maximum loft to the down parka, so we recommend checking whether it is recently cleaned up.
  • EXPEDITION DOWN PANTS: we recommend heavily insulated down pants comfortably fitting over all other inner layers. Thus down pants must be weatherproof.
  • DOWN SUIT: This down suit is optional to Down Parka & Down Pants. You can have either Down Parka plus Down Pants or Down Suit.
  • INSULATED SYNTHETIC PANTS: We recommend synthetic insulated pants with full-length separating side zips. We don’t recommend ski pants.
  • LIGHTWEIGHT LINER GLOVES: We recommend lightweight woolen or synthetic liner gloves with a comfortable fit and lighter colors that absorb less sunlight and offer UV protection.
  • INSULATED SHELL GLOVES: we recommend a pair of warm shell gloves with a durable leather palm.
  • EXPEDITION MITTENS: We highly recommends expedition-rated mittens with an insulated removable liner and the warmest model available.

 

HEADWEAR FOR MOUNT MAKALU (8463m) CLIMBING:

  • CLIMBING HELMET: we recommend a lightweight climbing-specific helmet that must comfortably fit over your hat or balaclava and the headlamp must be able to strap securely to the outside rim of the helmet.
  • BUFF: we recommend a good quality UV Buff which can be used for a multitude of purposes.
  • SUN HAT: We recommend baseball caps or sombrero-style sun hats.
  • BALACLAVA SYSTEM: We recommend one heavyweight and one lightweight which can be comfortably layered together
  • WOOLEN SKI HAT: We recommend no-cotton wool or synthetic hat which covers ears comfortably
  • FACEMASK: we recommend neoprene models
  • GLACIER GLASSES: We recommend high-quality glacier glass with full coverage of eyes and across the nose.
  • SKI GOGGLES: We recommend high-quality goggles for sun and wind protection at higher altitudes with no more than 30% VLT (Visible Light Transmission). And if possible with photochromic models which is ideal for light changing conditions.
  • NOSE GUARD: We recommend bringing a nose guard for better protection of your nose while being at a high altitude.
  • HEADLAMP: We recommend an LED outdoor headlamp of 200-300 lumens of output. Please add some spare batteries. And it’s recommended to choose with weather-resistant models
  • DOWN SLEEPING BAG (-20 degree Fahrenheit ): We highly recommend a down-filled sleeping bag of good quality.
  • DOWN SLEEPING BAG (-40 degree Fahrenheit): we highly recommend a down-filled sleeping bag of a good quality
  • 70 LITER CLIMBING PACK: We recommend Light and Simple with crampon and ice axe attachment points.
  • 30-45 LITER TREKKING PACK: We recommend with an internal frame, Light and simple Pack
  • FOAM PAD: We recommend as per your body length
  • INFLATABLE SLEEPING PAD: We recommend a full-length sleeping pad. And please bring along the valve repair & body patch kits.
  • SPOON: We suggest a longer spoon stem which can help eat while wearing gloves and it’s better made of durable hard plastic or anodized metal
  • MUG: We recommend 12 to 20 OZ capacity with insulated outdoor-style having a removable lid and spill-resistant
  • POCKET KNIFE: Should be medium-sized, Simple, and light
  • PEE BOTTLE: 1L – 1.5 Liter either collapsible or hard-sided gene model
  • BOWL: We recommend a two-cup capacity packable bowl with a lid like a Tupperware
  • PEE FUNNEL FOR WOMEN: We recommend practicing it before the expedition starts
  • WATER BOTTLE PARKAS: We recommend bringing two fully insulated water bottle parkas with a zipper opening
  • WATER BOTTLE: We recommend you bring two water bottles with a wide mouth made of BPA-free plastic (Co-polyester) with a capacity of 1-1.5 liter each. We don’t recommend water bags or bladder bags which tend to freeze at a higher elevation.
  • THERMOS: We recommend vacuum-insulated thermos with wide-mouthed and with a capacity of 1 liter
  • TRASH COMPACTOR BAGS: We recommend three plastic garbage bags or a reusable waterproof pack liner to use as waterproof packsack liners
  • TOILETRY BAG: To keep tissue paper, toothbrush/paste, wet wipes, shampoo, soap, etc. For females, it is recommended to prepare enough numbers of feminine hygienic products.
  • WATER PURIFIER: Steri-pen or Aquamira drops. Four to six liters of water every day for personal consumption.
  • SUNSCREEN: We recommend four to five ounces of 5 plus SPF sunscreen. Don’t forget to check the manufacturing date because the SPF effectiveness fades away over a time duration.
  • LIPSCREEN: At least 30 plus SPF lip screen with the newest manufacturing date.
  • PERSONAL FIRST-AID KITS (small one): With painkillers (Tylenol, Ibuprofen), First-aid tape, moleskin, antiseptic wipes, Pepto Bismol, Cipro (500mg), Metronidazole, Diamox, Z-pack, etc.
  • PERSONAL PRESCRIPTION: We highly recommend bringing Personal Prescriptions along with you.
  • Furthermore, we suggest you bring Hand Sanitizer, Face mask, Hand & Toe warmer, Power bank or Solar charger, extra batteries, etc.
  • Travel clothes while in the city

OPTIONAL: Snacks, Dry fruits, a journal, a tablet, earphones, books, etc.

 

How Long Does It Take To Climb Makalu Mountain (8463m)? :

Well, climbing a high mountain is a long and gradual process, and it may vary on weather conditions and physical strength. And Mt. Makalu is not an exception. In general, it takes around 9 to 11 days to reach Makalu Base Camp after spending a few days in Kathmandu. And at the Makalu Base Camp, you’ll spend around 4-5 weeks for Training, Proper  Acclimatization, Rotation to the higher camps & Final Summit Push. One of the intentions of staying at Makalu Base Camp for so long is getting used to cold weather, harsh environments, and being familiar with the mountain you are going to the summit. However, the Makalu Climbing Itinerary may differ according to the weather conditions and climbers‘ adaptation to the environment and other issues. So, overall in general it takes 7 to 8 weeks for the whole process of the Makalu Expedition.

 

Why Should “APEX NEPAL TREKS” Be Chosen For Makalu Expedition?

We are a group of Sherpa Climbers who have long experience of Climbing the High Mountains. We have successfully climbed several high mountains including Mt. Everest (8848.86m)Mt. Manaslu (8163m), Mt. Dhaulagiri (8167m), Mt. Ama Dablam (6812m), Mt. Cho Oyu (8188m), Mt. Kanchenjunga (8586m), Mt. Lhotse (8516m), Mt. Annapurna (8091m), Mt. Makalu (8463m), Mt. K2 (8611m), etc. We have world-recorded Sherpa climbers. And we are good at taking care of our clients with safety concerns and helping them to reach the summit with lesser difficulties. We provide quality services along with varieties of food items. We only use branded equipment for climbing purposes, because your safety is our concern. The success of any expedition depends largely on a carefully planned itinerary, experienced Leaders & Sherpas who are kind as well as helpful, Quality food, and adequate training plus instructions. Trust us, we are excellent in all these ingredients.

And we APEX NEPAL TEAM” care about the environment. Our activities are less impacting the environment and we also suggest all our clients not to harm our precious and fragile environment. We respect nature, so we worship the nature god for forgiveness and make our expedition successful every time before climbing. We also support sustainable tourism and support through a foundation called “Foundation Apex Nepal” which supports the underprivileged communities and runs programs related to environmental protection.

And after all, we value your hard-earned money.

 

Best Time To Climb Mount Makalu (8463m):

Spring Season (March-April-May)  & Autumn Season (September- October- November). In these two seasons, the Climbing window opens up. In these months nature awakens making the lower parts greenery with beautiful waterfalls. At this time the weather is mostly clear with blue sky and not so cold with the least snowfall. For particularly Mt. Makalu, most of the climbers choose Spring Season. And our suggestion is the same.

o    Spring Season: March- April- May

o    Autumn Season: Sept-Oct- November

 

Trip Highlights

Mount Makalu Expedition (8463m) Highlights

 

Ø  Several high mountains on surrounding, mostly over 6000 meters

Ø  Mind blowing views from the top, 360-degree mountain view from the summit of Mount Makalu

Ø  FIFTH HIGHEST MOUNTAIN IN THE WORLD !! (8463m) 

Ø Thought to be a Perfect Pyramid Shape

Ø Isolated and undisturbed by mountaineers

Ø  Easy access from Kathmandu

At a Glance

Ø  Technically difficult mountain 

Ø  Height 8463m above the sea level

Ø  Location: Sankhuwasabha region of Nepal

Ø  Himalayan Range: Mahalangur Himalayan Range of Province no. 1

Ø  Northeast of Kathmandu

Ø  Latitude: 27.53.23 N

Ø  Altitude: 87.05.20 E

Day to Day Itinerary

Mount Makalu (8463m) Expedition Itinerary: 

 

Day01: Arrival in Nepal, Kathmandu,

Day02: Gear & Trip Preparation

Day03: Gear & Trip Preparation

Day04: Kathmandu- Fly to Tumlingtar and Trek to Khadbari (1040m), 4-5hrs trek

Day05: Trek to Chichila (1830m), 5-6hrs trek

Day06:  Trek to Num (1490m), 6-7hrs trek

Day07: Trek to Sedua (1460m), 5-6 hrs trek

Day08: Trek to Tashi Gaon (2070m), 6-7hrs trek

Day09: Trek to Kauma (3470m) ,6-7 hrs trek

Day10: Acclimatization day ( Day Hiking)

Day11: Trek to Mumbuk (3570m), 6-7hrs trek

Day12: Trek to Neh Kharka (3700m) 5-6 hrs trek

Day13: Trek to Sherson (4615m) 6-7hrs trek

Day14: Trek to Makalu Base Camp (around 5000m) 6-7hrs trek

Day15 to Day 42: Climbing Training, Proper Acclimatization, Establish Camps, Fixing Ropes, Rest & Summit Push

Day43:  Trek from Makalu Base camp to Mumbuk

Day44: Trek form Mumbuk to Khongma La

Day45: Trek from Khongma La to Sedua

Day46: Trek from Sedua to Chichila

Day47: Trek from Chichila to Tumlingtar

Day48: Fly from Tumlingtar to Kathmandu

Day49: Spare Day in Kathmandu (just in incase, if we need more time in the mountains). Sightseeing in Kathmandu

Day50: Departure

 

Note:- Please note that the Rotation & Acclimatization process may differ according to the weather conditions and climbers’ adaptation to the altitude and environment.

What's Included

Mount Makalu Expedition Cost Included:

  •  Hotel in Kathmandu- 3Star hotel
  • Climbing Permits, Trekking Permits & All relevant Documentation
  • Government Royalty fees of Makalu Mountain
  • Satellite Communication System at Base Camp (Nominal Charges may apply for extra use)
  • Sherpa Climbers and all their Expenses
  • Required number of Oxygen bottles with mask and regulator
  • Base camp manager & Sirdar (all their expenses)
  • Radio Set for communication between camps
  • High Tents, Kitchen Tent, Dining Tent, Toilet Tent, Store tent, Cooking Utensils, and all required utensils & gears
  • Staff wages, allowances, etc.
  • All Staff Insurance
  • Liaison Officer and all his Expenses 
  • National Park/ Conservation Area fee 
  • Climbing Equipment besides mentioned to Prepare
  • Porters/ Yaks  to carry Climbing equipment (generally 30kg of one climber)
  • Waterproof duffel bags
  • All Government & Local Taxes, etc.

What's not Included

Mount Makalu Expedition Cost Does Not Include: 

  • International Flight Tickets
  • Meals in Kathmandu (Hotels are with Breakfast)
  • Nepal Visa Fee
  • Personal Clothing and Equipment
  • Personal Insurance
  • Summit Bonus
  • Personal Expenses
  • Gratuities for staff, etc.

Accommodations

  • 3 Star Hotel in Kathmandu
  • Tented Camp during the Expedition Period

Meals

  • All Meals During the Expedition Period
  • Breakfast in Kathmandu

Team Composition

·     From 1 Pax to 12  Pax in a group

Physical Condition & Experience Requirements

  • Should have technical knowledge of climbing
  • Must have experience of climbing some peaks, at least 6500m or higher mountains.
  • Should have a good physical fitness
  • Good health
  • Dream & Commitment

Best Time to Travel

  • Best Time To Climb Mount Makalu  (8463m):

Spring Season (March-April-May)  & Autumn Season (September- October- November). In these two seasons, the Climbing window opens up. In these months nature awakens making the lower parts greenery with beautiful waterfalls. At this time the weather is mostly clear with blue sky and not so cold with the least snowfall. For particularly Mt. Makalu, most of the climbers choose the Spring Season. And our suggestion is the same.  

 

o  Spring Season: March- April- May

o  Autumn Season: Sept-Oct- November

Mount Makalu (8463m) Expedition Itinerary: 

 

Day01: Arrival in Nepal, Kathmandu,

Day02: Gear & Trip Preparation

Day03: Gear & Trip Preparation

Day04: Kathmandu- Fly to Tumlingtar and Trek to Khadbari (1040m), 4-5hrs trek

Day05: Trek to Chichila (1830m), 5-6hrs trek

Day06:  Trek to Num (1490m), 6-7hrs trek

Day07: Trek to Sedua (1460m), 5-6 hrs trek

Day08: Trek to Tashi Gaon (2070m), 6-7hrs trek

Day09: Trek to Kauma (3470m) ,6-7 hrs trek

Day10: Acclimatization day ( Day Hiking)

Day11: Trek to Mumbuk (3570m), 6-7hrs trek

Day12: Trek to Neh Kharka (3700m) 5-6 hrs trek

Day13: Trek to Sherson (4615m) 6-7hrs trek

Day14: Trek to Makalu Base Camp (around 5000m) 6-7hrs trek

Day15 to Day 42: Climbing Training, Proper Acclimatization, Establish Camps, Fixing Ropes, Rest & Summit Push

Day43:  Trek from Makalu Base camp to Mumbuk

Day44: Trek form Mumbuk to Khongma La

Day45: Trek from Khongma La to Sedua

Day46: Trek from Sedua to Chichila

Day47: Trek from Chichila to Tumlingtar

Day48: Fly from Tumlingtar to Kathmandu

Day49: Spare Day in Kathmandu (just in incase, if we need more time in the mountains). Sightseeing in Kathmandu

Day50: Departure

 

Note:- Please note that the Rotation & Acclimatization process may differ according to the weather conditions and climbers’ adaptation to the altitude and environment.

What's Included

Mount Makalu Expedition Cost Included:

  •  Hotel in Kathmandu- 3Star hotel
  • Climbing Permits, Trekking Permits & All relevant Documentation
  • Government Royalty fees of Makalu Mountain
  • Satellite Communication System at Base Camp (Nominal Charges may apply for extra use)
  • Sherpa Climbers and all their Expenses
  • Required number of Oxygen bottles with mask and regulator
  • Base camp manager & Sirdar (all their expenses)
  • Radio Set for communication between camps
  • High Tents, Kitchen Tent, Dining Tent, Toilet Tent, Store tent, Cooking Utensils, and all required utensils & gears
  • Staff wages, allowances, etc.
  • All Staff Insurance
  • Liaison Officer and all his Expenses 
  • National Park/ Conservation Area fee 
  • Climbing Equipment besides mentioned to Prepare
  • Porters/ Yaks  to carry Climbing equipment (generally 30kg of one climber)
  • Waterproof duffel bags
  • All Government & Local Taxes, etc.

What's not Included

Mount Makalu Expedition Cost Does Not Include: 

  • International Flight Tickets
  • Meals in Kathmandu (Hotels are with Breakfast)
  • Nepal Visa Fee
  • Personal Clothing and Equipment
  • Personal Insurance
  • Summit Bonus
  • Personal Expenses
  • Gratuities for staff, etc.

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